First quarter of IX Century.
Municipal Library of Valenciennes, ms. 0099.
x 207 mm.
Miniatures: 39 full page illuminated.
Binding: Embossed bovine brown leather.
From the beginning of the Christian Era and during
the Middle Ages the text of the Apocalipsis inspired and strengthend the
artists imagination mainly due to the richness of prophetic visions and
the power of their symbols.
In the Apocalipsis of Valenciennes one can see the
first remainsof complete cycles of biblical illustrations.
pages of this Apocalipsis are enriched with 39 coloured miniatures
situated next to the text. Each miniature is framed or enmeshed with
geometrical elements with small fragments of text that allow the reader
to immerse and meditate in the drama.
The manuscripts begin with John of PATMOS who forces
the attention of the reader with his gaze and his right hand over his
heart while from his mouth seams to appear the first word of the text.
The illustrations of the Apocalipsis of
Valencienneshave derived from a series of images that were taken from
Roma to the monastery of Wearmouth-Jarrow by the Dean Benito Bischoff
during a tripin 676.
Although “Otoltus“ is the name of the writer of the
Apocalipsis of Valenciennes it is not known his place of origin, his
illustrations can be compared in style with miniatures of a contemporary
manuscript of the Scriptures from central Renaniaand also to
illustration from a manuscript “Carmen Paschale“ of Sedulius from
Flanders therefore it becomes
a theme of controversy to establish the origin of the Apocalipsis of
Spain the controversy over the origin of the Apocalipsis of Valenciennes
has a special significance because it is considered the bases for the
miniatures of the Beatos of Liebana. The specialistson these matters
coincide in the appreciation that this manuscript is the origin of the
images of apocalyptic Europe and conclusively of the Iberian Peninsula.
After the production during the IX century of the
miniatures of this manuscript pages 1-3 were incorporated to the history
of the arc of Oviedo and the relics that it contained naming the places
it passed through : Jerusalem, Cartagena, Toledo and Asturias.
The text dates from XI century and the numbered
relics is the official version the cathedral of Oviedo gives to the
The relevance of the Apocalipsis of Valenciennes is
due to the fact that demonstrates that both history and tradition
relative to the relics are prior to Pelayo.
The facsimile edition of the Illuminated Apocalipsis
of Valenciennes is encased for its conservation together with a
complementary study book.
consists of a single edition
of 995 numbered
copies, duly authenticated